In 2013, our nation marked the 165th Anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, the first women’s rights convention that addressed women in social, economic and political life. The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions at the convention recognized the potential of women’s contributions to our nation and demanded that women be granted all the rights and privileges that men possessed.
American women have made great strides since that historic gathering – but there is more work to do to provide women with the economic security and opportunities they deserve and their families need.
That is why House Democrats are offering the When Women Succeed, America Succeeds: An Economic Agenda for Women and Families--an agenda that stands on the shoulders of what was accomplished at Seneca Falls by addressing the economic challenges facing women and families today.
Fifty years after President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act into law, women continue to earn less than men:
- Women make only 77 cents for every dollar earned by men, amounting to a yearly gap of $11,084 between full-time men and women. That $11,084 lost could purchase 89 more weeks of food or more than 3,000 additional gallons of gas or more than one year of rent for a woman’s family.
- For African American women and Latinas the pay gap is even larger. African American women on average earn only 64 cents and Latinas on average earn only 55 cents for every dollar earned by white, non-Hispanic men.
- The minimum wage is a women’s issue; nearly two-thirds of minimum wage workers are women. Yet the minimum wage has not kept up with inflation over the last 45 years – with the minimum wage now, in inflation-adjusted terms, more than 30 percent lower than it was in 1968.
- Paycheck Fairness
- Increase Minimum Wage (Including Tipped)
- Invest in Job Training and Education Opportunities
- Protect and Restore Employment Rights
- Support Women Entrepreneurs/Small Businesses
- Pregnant Workers Fairness
- Adequate Tools to Investigate Wage Discrimination
WORK & FAMILY BALANCE
Workers in 145 countries around the world have earned paid sick days – but there is no policy to ensure earned paid sick days in the U.S. The United States has no mandatory paid family leave policy -- making it one of just three countries in the world and the only country among industrialized countries to not mandate paid maternity leave for new mothers.
- More than 40 million private sector workers in this country – including more than 13 million working women – are not able to take a paid sick day when they or a family member are ill. Millions more lack paid sick time to care for a sick child.
- Nearly one-quarter of adults in the U.S. (23 percent) report that they have lost a job or have been threatened with job loss for taking time off due to illness or to care for a sick child or relative.\
- Fully 89 percent of the U.S. workforce does not have paid family leave through their employers, and more than 60 percent of the workforce does not have paid personal medical leave through an employer-provided temporary disability program, which some new mothers use.
- Paid Sick Leave
- Paid Family and Medical Leave
- Expanded Family and Medical Leave
- Federal Employees Paid Parental Leave
Today, child care is a necessity for most families with preschool children because households need two incomes to pay all the bills. But while most other industrialized countries have universal preschool for three and four-year olds, there is a drastic lack of quality preschool for American children in the U.S. What's more, the lack of availability of affordable and high-quality child care in this country has reached crisis proportions.
- The U.S. ranks 28th out of 38 countries in the share of four-year-olds enrolled in preschool, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
- Nearly two-thirds of American women with pre-school age children work; yet in the U.S., families are generally left on their own for providing child care.
- The average cost of full-time child care for one child in a day care center in 2011 ranged from $4,000 to $12,000 depending on the state.
- President Obama’s Preschool and Early Head Start/Child Care Initiative
- Promote Affordable and High Quality Child Care
- Adequate Funding of Child Care Programs
- Adequate Training and Pay for Child Care Workers
- Expand Child Care Tax Credit
- Make Child Tax Credit Permanent and Indexed
- Increase Access to Child Support
WORKING WOMEN IN THE NEWS