On June 16th, the House passed the Government Efficiency, Effectiveness and Performance Improvement Act (H.R. 2142) by voice vote. It will give Congress new tools to reduce wasteful and ineffective government spending by requiring the heads of federal agencies to identify near-term and long-term high-priority goals for their agencies, and to make public quarterly assessments of progress toward achieving those goals. Specifically, the bill:
- Requires federal agencies to assess agency performance on a quarterly basis to ensure federal taxpayer dollars are being spent in an effective manner.
- Increases the transparency and accountability of government by requiring that each federal agency submit performance assessments to determine the effectiveness in meeting established high-priority goals that have a direct benefit to the American people.
- Makes assessment reports publicly available to both Congress and the American people so that they have critical information on federal agencies' strengths and weaknesses.
This bipartisan bill will help reduce the nation's deficit by shining light on ineffective federal programs and help prevent federal agency programs and projects from wasting tens of millions of taxpayer dollars while producing no tangible result. With greater government efficiency, we can produce cost savings for every American taxpayer.
Overview of provisions:
Requiring Identification of High-Priority Goals for Federal Agencies. The bill requires the heads of federal agencies, in consultation with OMB, to identify near-term and long-term high-priority goals for their agencies, and to tie these goals to specific performance outcomes.
Requiring Frequent Performance Assessments. The bill requires more rigorous and aggressive oversight by mandating that senior agency leadership conduct performance assessments on a quarterly basis on how effectively they are working to meet the goals they have identified.
Ensuring Transparency to the Public of Performance Assessments. The bill requires that these quarterly performance assessments be made available to Congress and the American public, in order to allow the public to assess the agency's progress toward achieving its goals.
Ensuring Accountability of Program Managers. Under the bill, managers will be held accountable to senior agency leadership and OMB for the performance reviews related to the agency's goals. If a program, project or activity is not on target to reach its goals, managers are required to use evidence gathered during the review to adjust their actions to reach the goal.
GAO Review. The bill requires GAO to perform frequent and detailed evaluations of agency implementation of this legislation. GAO will also assess whether selected goals are actually providing direct value to the public and whether the agencies are implementing the results of assessments and whether they are effectively spending taxpayer dollars.
Performance Improvement Officers. The bill elevates the rank of Performance Improvement Officers by requiring that they be senior agency executives. It also defines their role as supporting quarterly performance reviews, advising on the selection of priority goals, and helping to align personnel appraisals with performance priorities.
Performance Improvement Council. The bill also establishes an inter-agency Performance Improvement Council to recommend performance management policies to OMB, share best practices, and continually improve the performance review process.